The Turkish International Arbitration Law of 2001 (“TIAL”), which is based on UNCITRAL Model Law of 1985, is applicable to international arbitrations. Considering the configuration stage of arbitration rules, parties can benefit from the extensive liberty provided by TIAL. Indeed, pursuant to the latter, parties can: deviate from all prescribed provisions of TIAL but those… Continue reading International Arbitration in Turkey: Arbitration Procedure
Although there are not any legal restrictions imposed on the operation of foreign arbitral institutions in Turkey, local arbitration bodies are leading the domestic practice. Being established in major industrialized cities such as İstanbul, Ankara and İzmir; among them, currently, Istanbul Chamber of Commerce Arbitration Center is the most popular.
Where the addressee has expressed somehow that it is willing to receive electronic communications; then the message is deemed to be “reached” when it enters the information system of the addressee. If the addressee has not expressed such intention, then, additionally, the offeree has to become aware of the massage. Can the CISG cope with… Continue reading When does an electronically transmitted offer become effective: Perspectives of the CISG and Turkish Law